sábado, 24 de setembro de 2011

Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill, 1º viscount Hill of Almarez


Joanna Hill. Wellington's Right Hand: Rowland, Viscount Hill, The History Press Ltd, 2011


«One of the most unlikely soldiers of his day, General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill of Almarez was imaginative, brave – and perhaps more surprisingly for the period in which he lived and fought – compassionate towards those under his command. This is the compelling story of one of history’s forgotten heroes, a man who frequently led from the front in some of the deadliest battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Hill was given his own ‘detached’ corps and fought his way through Spain, Portugal and France, winning battles against the odds – such at St Pierre, where he defeated the redoubtable Marechal Soult when outnumbered two to one. When ministers at home asked that Hill be allowed to leave the Peninsula and lead an army elsewhere, Wellington dismissed the idea with ‘Would you cut off my right hand?’

Hill fought at Roliça, Corunna, Talavera, Bussaco, Almarez, Vitoria and Waterloo. He succeeded the Duke in 1828 as Commander-in-Chief of the forces and served as such until he resigned in 1842, a period marked by civil unrest that he reluctantly was obliged to confront. Based upon the Hill papers and a wide range of other primary sources, Wellington’s Right Hand is an important addition to the literature of the Napoleonic age and in particular to that of the Peninsular War.

Writer and historian Joanna Hill is the great, great, great niece of Rowland Hill and as such has gained unique access to the Hill family archives. In April 2005, she published her first book on the Hill family, The Hills of Hawkstone and Attingham; the Rise, Shine and Decline of a Shropshire Family» (from the Editor’s Synopsis)

Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill, 1º viscount Hill of Almarez, Hawkestone and Hardwicke (1772- 1842) was one of the ablest Generals of the Peninsular War and second-in-command to Lord Wellington in the last period of the War. He first commanded a Brigade (Vimeiro and Oporto), having rapidly been promoted to Commander of the 2nd Division (Talavera and Buçaco) and as Commander of an Army Corps which included the 2nd and 4th Divisions, under the command of Lieutenant-Generals Sir William Stewart (Com TS) and Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole (Com TE), the Heavy Cavalry Brigade of Colonel De Grey, the Light Cavalry Brigade, under Lieutenant-General John Slade and 4 Portuguese Brigades.

In 1812 he was awarded the Order of the Tower and Sword, Knight Commander, whose Star he is wearing in the portrait above (cf. José Vicente de Bragança, King John VI and the Order of the Tower and Sword (1808-1826), Lisbon, 2011).

Memórias do General Sir Lowry Cole, C TE


Maude Lowry Cole (ed.). MEMOIRS SIR LOWRY COLE, reprint of 1934 ed., Naval & Military Press, 2011


«General Galbraith Lowry Cole was commissioned a cornet in 1787, and served in the West Indies, Ireland, and Egypt. He served as brigadier general in Sicily and commanded the 1st Brigade at the Battle of Maida on the 4 July 1806. In 1808 he was promoted to major-general, to lieutenant-general in 1813 and full general in 1830. He was colonel of the 27th Foot, commanded the 4th Division in the Peninsular War under Wellington, and was wounded at the Battle of Albuera in which he played a decisive part. For having served with distinction in the battles of Maida, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez and Toulouse, he received the Army Gold Cross with four clasps» (from the editor’s advert).

The then Lieutenant-General Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Tower and Sword (October, 12th, 1812) for his actions in the Peninsular War (cf. José Vicente de Bragança, King John VI and the Order of the Tower and Sword (1808-1826), Lisbon, 2011).

I COLÓQUIO INTERNACIONAL - CISTER, OS TEMPLÁRIOS E A ORDEM DE CRISTO



Organização: Instituto Politécnico de Tomar * APOC - Associação Portuguesa de Cister

Colaboração: GEOS - Gabinete de Estudos sobre a Ordem de Santiago / Município de Palmela


A Ordem do Templo e a Ordem de Cristo tiveram, durante séculos, um papel de grande importância na História de Portugal. Contudo, não se têm verificado significativos avanços na investigação sobre estas instituições, subsistindo lacunas que importa colmatar.


A Ordem de Cister esteve na génese de algumas Ordens Militares medievais, entre elas a Ordem dos Templários, e algumas outras adoptaram uma observância e uma espiritualidade de matriz cisterciense. Foi o caso da Ordem de Cristo, fundada por D. Dinis e sucessora e herdeira em Portugal da Ordem do Templo.

Tomar foi, sucessivamente, a sede da Ordem do Templo e da Ordem de Cristo e ainda hoje conserva os mais importantes legados materiais destas instituições: o Castelo dos Templários, o Convento de Cristo e a Igreja de Santa Maria do Olival.

Afigura-se-nos, pois, apropriado organizar em Tomar uma série de colóquios internacionais dedicados ao estudo da Ordem de Cister e das Ordens Militares do Templo e de Cristo. Este primeiro colóquio, em 2011, centrar-se-á no tempo de D. Dinis, período em que ocorreu a extinção da Ordem do Templo e a fundação, por iniciativa do rei e com o beneplácito papal, da Ordem de Cristo. Quando se comemoram os 750 anos do nascimento de D. Dinis (9 de Outubro de 1261), a escolha deste período histórico revela-se particularmente oportuna.

O colóquio será constituído por um conjunto de conferências e por uma mesa-redonda, a cargo de alguns dos maiores especialistas portugueses e internacionais. Para além da afirmação da influência de Cister, o programa tem como objectivo proporcionar a análise e a discussão deste período de transição Templo - Cristo, enquadrado no conjunto dos reinos peninsulares.

Conferencistas:

Bernardo Bonowitz (Abadia de Nossa Senhora do Novo Mundo - Brasil)


Carlos de Ayala Martinez (Universidade Autónoma de Madrid)

Pierre-Vincent Claverie (Assembleia Nacional - Paris)

Josep M. Sans i Travé (Arquivo Nacional da Catalunha)

Philippe Josserand (Universidade de Nantes)

José A. de Sotomayor-Pizarro (Universidade do Porto)

Saúl António Gomes (Universidade de Coimbra)

Isabel Morgado Sousa e Silva (CEPESE)

Giulia Rossi Vairo (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Luis Filipe Oliveira (Universidade do Algarve)

Manuel Silvio Alves Conde (Universidade dos Açores)

Fernanda Olival (Universidade de Évora)

Kristjan Toomaspoeg (Universidade de Lecce, Itália)

Ana Carvalho Dias (Convento de Cristo - Igespar)

Isabel Cristina F. Fernandes (Gabinete de Estudos sobre a Ordem de Santiago - C. M. Palmela)

José Albuquerque Carreiras (Instituto Politécnico de Tomar / Associação Portuguesa de Cister)


INSCRIÇÕES E INFORMAÇÕES