142 pages
Size: 244 x 172 mm
27 colour illustrations
9 tables & graphics
Précis in English 22 pages
ISBN: 978-989-640-089-7
Binding: Paperback

Studies the Order of the Tower and Sword founded at Rio de Janeiro (1808), setting it in the proper political and social context as the first order of the new type created in Portugal to reward services to the Crown. within the framework of the of the Portuguese orders system.
Examines the political context of the Order's creation and it's motivations as well as it's proclaimed origin on the mythical medieval Order of the Sword said to have been founded by King Alphonse V.
Analyses the order's Statutes, its structure and the important innovations introduced in the domain of the Portuguese Orders, based on the original legal texts and its subsequent alterations. 

General The Hon. Thomas Fermor (1770-1833), 4th Earl of Pomfret - Medals and Decorations
Courtesy of Mssrs. Morton & Eden, London

Particular attention is paid to the order's insignia, its typology and description, the sanctions for its irregular use and the policy followed as regards their deliverance to the recipients. 
Examines the role played by the Royal Mint of Rio de Janeiro in the manufacture of the insignia in the first decade and a half of the order's creation and also the insignia made by the Royal Jeweler - Master Goldsmith António Gomes da Silva.

Marshall Sir William Beresford, Marquess of Campo Maior and Count of Trancoso, KGC TS

A critical analyses of the order's awards from 1808-1826, is made, on the basis of the available data, by classes, the prosopography of the order's recipients, both Portuguese and foreigners, the type of services rewarded.
A comparison is made of the order's awards with those of the ancient Portuguese military orders during the Court's sojourn in Brazil, reflecting the adoption of a restrictive policy.

Major-General Sir Robert John HARVEY, CB, KTS, FRS, FAS (1785-1860), Engraved by Charles Knight, 1821

© Heath-Caldwell Family Archive, JJ Heath-Caldwell


The importance of the Order' awards to British Officers who fought in the Peninsular War, namely to those serving in the Portuguese Army, is enhanced, given the wearing of the order's insignia in portraits or its use in armorial bearings by several distinguished Officers.


Rear-Admiral Thomas Western (1761 - 1814), of Tattingston Place, co. Suffolk, KGC TS
The role played by the Mesa da Consciência e Ordens - The Orders’ Court - from 1821 onwards is also discussed within the framework of the control policy adopted by the Sovereign as regards the members of the Order, preventing and punishing abuses, and determining their obligation of taking the oath before the Court, performing the ceremony of formal investiture, payment of the due fees, and the subsequent registration of the award in the order's records. 
Stresses the dynastic and diplomatic role of the Order of the Tower and Sword after the King's return to Portugal and especially after his Restoration as an absolute monarch and the dissolution of Parliament in 1823.
Analyses of the Order after the death of King John VI and of its «reform» by D. Pedro, duke of Braganza and Regent and former Emperor of Brazil and King of Portugal in 1832, during the Civil War that followed the proclamation of D. Miguel as King of Portugal, by the royalist party.