Contents

Précis in English


I. From the the military orders to the orders of knighthood

II. The foundation of the Order 
1. Origins
2. Creation and Statutes of 1808
3. Structure and later modifications

III. The insignia
1. Badge, collar, riband and star
2. Typology of the insignia 
3. Sanctions for wearing unofficial models
4. The remittance of insignia
4.1. Embroidered Stars

IV. The manufacturers
1. The Royal Mint of Rio de Janeiro
2. Jewel insignia by the Crown goldsmith António Gomes da Silva

V. The first awards in 1808

VI. The Peninsular War and the Campaigns of Montevideo
1. The British Officers of the Peninsular War
2. Iconography with the order's insignia
3. The order's insignia in British coat of arms and the order in British coat-of-arms
4. The Portuguese Officers

VII. Concessions after the return to Portugal of King John VI in 1821
1. Awards to foreigners
2. The "coups d'etat" of Vila Francada and Abrilada (1823-24)

VIII. The role of the Mesa da Consciência e Ordens
IX. An appraisal of the awards

X. The Order after the King's death in 1826 – the «Reform» of the Order by Dom Pedro, Regent and Duke of Braganza in 1832

XI. Conclusion

Sources & Bibliography



Field-Marshall Sir Stapleton Stapleton-Cotton, 1st Viscount Combermere- Steel engraving by J. Jenkins after Mrs. C. Pearson
© Le voyage en papier - marc dechow, Hamburg, Germany

Lieutenant General Sir ThomasPicton, KC TS -Steel engraving after T. Lawrence,  how, Hamburg,
© Le voyage en papier - marc dechow, Hamburg, Germany
 
Field-Marshall John Colborne, 3rd Baron Seaton, K TS